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ISBN 978-84-3385-409-7
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¿FASCISMO O DEMOCRACIA? Campesinado y política en la crisis del liberalismo europeo, 1870-1939 Cobo Romero, Francisco
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The profound changes that have occurred in European agriculture since the end of the 19th century, animated by the wishes of overcoming the agrarian crisis, strengthened the familial peasantry of small landowners or tenants. Since the beginning of the 20th century, and in the midst of an irreversible process of consolidation of the so-called "mass politics", the European peasantry accentuated his interest in the political affairs and electoral contests. After the completion of the First World War, the radicalization of political and social confrontations propagated by virtually the entire European continent and social confrontations propagated by virtually the entire European continent joined the aggravation of the agrarian crisis unleashed since the late 1920s. In this new context, the rapid dissemination of corporatist, authoritarian or fascist proposals found in many cases a favourable echo among the peasant masses, scorned by the parties of the liberal-bourgeois centre, besieged by the combativeness of the day-labourers or threatened by the revolutionary proposals formulated by the anarchism, the socialism and the communism. Thus, during the critical period of 1919-1939, the European peasantry became a decisive sector of the population with a high capacity for political action, provided with a powerful influence on tilting the balance toward the triumph of Fascism on toward the maintenance of Democracy.


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